Indian History

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Mahajanapadas Buddhism Jainism Mauryan Empire Post Mauryan Age-Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Sangam Age Satavahanas Vakatakas Kadambas Badami Chalukyas Rashtrakutas Chola Empire Kalyani Chalukyas Pallava Kingdom Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Bhakti Movement Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Sur Dynasty-Shershah Gajapati Kingdom Eastern Ganga Dynasty Hoysalas Ahom Kingdom Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Maratha Kingdom Sikhs Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Advent of Europeans British Rule Constitutional Developments Education-Press Establishment of British le Governor Generals Moderates Popular Movements 1857 Revolt Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Nationalism Lord Canning


Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism Persian-Greek Invasions Mauryan Empire Kushans Gupta Empire Harshavardhana Indian Culture Sangam Age Satavahanas Chola Empire Badami Chalukyas Pallavas Rashtrakutas Kalyani Chalukyas Rajputs Muslim Invasions Bahmani Empire Delhi Sultans Mughal Empire Hoysala Kingdom Independent Kingdoms Kakatiyas Kalachuri Kingdom Later Pandyas Marathas Vijayanagara Empire Yadavas Sur Dynasty-Shershah Sikhs Advent of Europeans Revolts Governor Generals British Rule Natonal Leaders Popular Movements Revolutionary Terrorism Rise of Natonalism Viceroys Education-Press Constitutional Developments

Early Vedic Civillization

Vedic culture fourished between 1500-600 B.C. Vedic Civilization is divided into Early and Later Vedic Civilization.

Early Vedic Civilization is also called as Rig Vedic Civilization.

Rigveda is the first and oldest Veda. It was composed during the early vedic period.

The original home of Aryans may be saptasindu or centra Asia or Arctic region or Tibet.

They probably enter into India through Khyber pass.

Aryans called Indus People as Dasyus. They fought with Dasyus.

Aryans first settled in India Sindh and Punjab regions.

The main ocupation of Rugvedic Aryans was cattle breeding. They know the agriculture.

Rigveda refers to Mujavant. Mujavant is one of the peaks of the Himavant. Himavant is a Himalayan mountain. The source of soma drink is Mujavant.

Aitareya Brahmana mentioned that the India was divided into five parts. Sapta sindu was the heartland of Rigvedic culture.

Rigvedic hymns were composed by viswamitra, Vashishtha, Arthi. etc.

The Rigveda culture was mainly pastoral.

The largest number of Rugvedic hymns are dedicated to Indra.

The God Agni is an intermediary between the gods and people.

Rig Veda tells about the Aryans when they settled in Sindh and Punjab regions.

Vedas were written in Sanskrit.

The language of Aryans was Sanskrit. From Sanskrit North Indian languages such as Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi were originated.

The Sindh and Punjab regions were called by Aryans as Sapta Sindhu.

Rig Veda tells about the famous battle among the Aryan clans called Dasarajna.

Agriculture and cattle rearing were the main occupation of Aryans.

Soma and Sura were the two intoxicating drinks consumed by the Aryans.

Soma was consumed by the Aryans during the conduct of Yagnas.

Sura was the habitual drink of Aryans.

Sudas got victory against the confedaracy of ten kings in Dasaraja Yuddha.

The region watered by the five rivers of Punjab and Sindh and Saraswati was called Sapta Sindhu.

The chief Gods during the Early Vedic Civilization were Indra and Agni.

Indra was the water god and weather god during the Early Vedic Civilization.

Cow occupied a prominent place in Early Vedic Culture.

Indra was the God of War during the Early Vedic period.

Aryans worshipped Indra, Ushas, Vayu, Varuna, Aswins and Bhumi.